Was Pickel sind und wie sie entstehen

What pimples are and how they form

We make their acquaintance at puberty at the latest. They sprout on almost every part of the body imaginable and are actually always annoying. We're talking about pimples. We all know them, but how do they come about and, more importantly, how do you best get rid of them or, ideally, not get rid of them in the first place?

What pimples are and how they form

You can immediately recognize them visually: red, slightly raised, unsightly pustules that are often filled with pus. But how do these actually come about? Let's get one thing straight: Pimples don't necessarily have anything to do with poor skin care.

In order to keep our skin supple and protect it from environmental influences, our body produces sebum, which exits through the so-called sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands are located everywhere on our body, but are mostly found in the T-zone of our face, i.e. on the forehead, nose and chin. If an opening in a sebaceous gland becomes clogged so that the sebum can no longer reach the surface, increased deposits will accumulate in one place. The result is a blackhead. If bacteria also settle on the clogged sebaceous gland, a usually painful pimple results.

Due to the hormonal changes in the body during puberty, it produces a particularly large amount of sebum. This is also the reason why so many teenagers have pus pustules. These hormonally-related skin disorders usually diminish after the age of 25, but in individual cases they can also occur into advanced age.

In addition to hormonal causes, personal predisposition can also be a reason for pimples. Some people are simply more prone to breakouts than others. But stress, an unbalanced diet high in sugar or fat, too much alcohol or smoking can also influence the development of pimples. Taking certain medications can also promote the development of pimples.

What helps against pimples?

What you should definitely avoid is squeezing the pimples themselves. In the worst case, pus and bacteria get into the deeper layers of the skin, which can lead to inflammation of the surrounding tissue. For this reason, you should always have pimples removed by trained professionals such as dermatologists or beauticians.

It is also important to choose the right cleaning, care and cosmetic products. Here, too, you should ideally seek advice from a specialist about which products are most suitable for your skin. Make sure not to cleanse your skin more than at least twice a day; washing it too often can cause it to dry out. Daily make-up removal should also be part of your normal evening routine. We advise you not to clean your face with make-up wipes, but rather with a make-up removal balm/oil; this method is much more effective and gentler on your skin.

Some active ingredients can help you fight the pimples. Make sure to choose products that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients. For example, benzoyl peroxide or azelaic acid have an antibacterial effect on pimples. When it comes to these active ingredients, we recommend that you seek professional advice from a beautician, for example.

Pay attention to your diet and lifestyle. It's actually not for nothing that they say: You are what you eat. Make sure you eat a predominantly healthy and balanced diet. Lots of fruit, vegetables and whole grain products, little junk food, fat and sugar. If possible, avoid alcohol and cigarettes, exercise, get plenty of fresh air and make sure you get enough sleep.

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