Hormone und ihre Wirkung auf die Haut

Hormones and their effect on the skin

Small but mighty! The tiny messenger substances in our body are really tough. They can throw us off course emotionally in a matter of seconds, affecting our mood, bodily functions – and our skin!

What are hormones?

Hormones are our body's own messenger substances. Tiny, but not to be underestimated, they have an enormous impact on our bodies, our performance and (especially women know this shortly before the onset of menstruation) on our mood. Adrenaline, thyroxine, testosterone, estrogen, progesterone: around 150 different hormones are known to date. Triggers can be certain situations or phases of life: falling in love, pregnancy, puberty, fear, stress, the female cycle. Even the smallest deviations in the hormonal balance can have immense effects such as impaired thyroid function, diabetes, hair loss – or skin problems.

Hormones and their effect on the skin

Estrogen , a female sex hormone produced primarily in the ovaries. It improves the quality of the skin, stimulates the formation of collagen and has a positive effect on the skin's elasticity and also protects against free radicals. Another female sex hormone is progesterone , which is produced increasingly in the second half of the menstrual cycle, but also during pregnancy. It protects against certain enzymes that are responsible for the breakdown of collagen or other proteins in connective tissue. Androgens are male sex hormones (such as testosterone) that are present in both men and women and which promote the growth and activity of sebaceous glands.

When hormones go crazy

As already mentioned, even the smallest changes in hormone levels can have a big impact on us and our bodies. A notorious phase of life for this is puberty, during which pretty much everything in our bodies is turned upside down. The influence of male androgens increases the activity of the sebaceous glands, which can lead to increased oily skin, pimples and blackheads, if not even acne. The female cycle is also associated with skin changes due to the different hormone concentrations. Towards the end of the cycle, estrogen and progesterone levels decrease while testosterone levels remain constant, which can lead to a worsening of the skin's appearance. During pregnancy, the hormonal balance is subject to some fluctuations. On the one hand, the production of estrogen and progesterone is stimulated, which leads to a rosier and fresher complexion. On the other hand, impurities can also occur due to higher sebaceous gland activity, while the increased estrogen level can cause increased pigment spots.

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