Altersflecken

Age spots

There are many forms of hyperpigmentation - one of which is age spots. Are they harmless? Why do you get some? And: How do you get rid of them if in doubt? We address all of these questions in this article.

How this happens

Age spots are a form of hyperpigmentation, also known as pigment spots. They arise when there is an excess of the color pigment melanin in our skin cells. The formation of melanin is a natural protective reaction of the skin to UV radiation - it causes the sun's UV rays to weaken as they penetrate deeper layers of the skin. The longer the skin is exposed to natural or artificial sunlight (keyword solarium), the more melanin is produced and stored. In principle, age spots are nothing more than points on our “UV account”: the more intensively we have exposed ourselves to the sun unprotected throughout our lives, the greater the likelihood of getting age spots quite early on.

It is therefore not surprising that this form of hyperpigmentation occurs in the areas most exposed to the sun: face, back of hands, forearms, décolleté. But genetic predisposition can also be a cause of pigment spots. Once you reach a certain age, the likelihood of getting age spots is relatively high. Both men and women over 40 tend to have light brown spots, and over 60 they can be found on almost everyone.

Get rid of age spots

One thing first: Age spots are generally harmless and do not need to be removed from a purely medical perspective. However, if you are still bothered by it and want to get rid of it for primarily cosmetic reasons, there are a few options. Technical variants available include, for example, classic laser treatment or removal using IPL technology. Chemical peels can also help, as they help remove the top layer of skin and create a new, lighter layer. All variants described should only be carried out by a specialist. Another option that can be carried out on your own initiative is treatment with whitening products. Ingredients such as vitamin C, which is contained in our Melanin Night night cream, or licorice root in combination with acetyl glucosamine, as in our Moist Detox Clay Mask, can gently lighten pigment spots when used regularly.

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